Lord Skanda-Murugan
 

Palani Andavar
Lord Palani Āndavar
Lord Gaja Vahana
Lord Gaja Vāhana
BrahmĀ Shasta
Lord Brahmā Śāstā with Valli to His right and penitent Brahmā to His left
Lord Valli Kalyana Sundara
Lord Valli Kalyana Sundara with Valli, Vishnu and Brahmā in foreground
Devasenapati
Devasenāpati
Lord Saravanabhavanar
Lord Śaravanabhavanar
Lord Shanmukha
Lord Shanmukha
Lord Kraunchabheda
Lord Krauñcabheda

Research papers on the cult of Skanda-Murukan

Entire books on Skanda-Murukan by eminent scholars

  1. The Smile of Murugan on Tamil Literature of South India by Kamil Zvelebil
  2. The Many Faces of Murukan by Fred W. Clothey
  3. The Rise of Mahāsena: The Transformation of Skanda-Kārttikeya in North India by Richard D. Mann
  4. Papers presented at the First International Conference on Skanda-Murukan

  5. "Murugan in the Indus Script" by Iravatham Mahadevan
  6. "Murukan In Cankam Literature: Veriyattu - A Tribal Worship" by M. Shanmugam Pillai
  7. "Mayilam: A Murukan temple at the crossroads of myth and local culture" by François L' Hernault
  8. "Iconography of Skanda-Murukan: Flashes of Insight" by Raju Kalidos
  9. "Karttikeya in Early Indian Coinage" by S. Suresh
  10. "Tai Pucam in Malaysia" by Carl Vadivella Belle
  11. "Karttikeya worship in Bengal" by Seethalakshmi Viswanath
  12. "Vel Worship in Sri Lanka" by Vimala Krishnapillai
  13. "The Guardian Deities of Lanka: Skanda-Murukan and Kataragama" by S. Pathmanathan
  14. "Skanda-Murukan cult in Eastern Sri Lanka: Continuity and Change" by N. Shanmugalingam
  15. "The Murukan cult in Mauritius: Essence of Tamil ethnic identity" by Khesaven Sornum
  16. "Tiruppukal in the cult of Murukan" by Ponnaih Jeyālaki Arunagirinathan
  17. "Arunagirinathar's Views on Wealth by S.R.S. Ayyar
  18. "Murukan, Tamil God of Justice" by Marudhamuthu
  19. "Swarupa Vel: Skanda's Sister Jyoti" by A. Alagarappan
  20. "The Development of Muruku-Muruka-Velan and Ce-Ey-Ceyon in Cankam Literature" by K.V. Ramakrishna Rao
  21. "The Iconography of Somāskanda Mūrti" by S. Suthanthiran
  22. "Shanmuka Kavacam and the Kavacam genre" by S.P. Sabharathnam
  23. "Cult of Skanda-Murukan in Ancient Tamil Nadu" by Ambikai Velmurugu
  24. "Publication of Tiruppukal a Century Ago by V.T. Subramania Pillai: The Man and His Mission" by Gnanapurani Madhvanath
  25. "Palani icon: A scientific analysis" by M.S. Saravanan
  26. "Skanda in ancient North India" by R.K. Seth
  27. "Cannittiyan: Celva Cannitti Murukan" by Kandiah Neelakandan
  28. "Skanda-Subrahmanya in Sanskrit Tradition" by S.S. Janaki
  29. "The Skanda cult in India: Sanskrit sources" by K.V. Sarma
  30. "In the Footsteps of Saint Arunagirinathar: Pilgrimage to the sacred places in the Tiruppukal" by Valayapettai Ra. Krishnan
  31. "Antiquity of Murukan Cult in Ancient Sri Lanka: A Historical Perspective" by S. Kailash Sitrampalam
  32. "Skanda Legends in the Puranas" by N. Gangadharan
  33. "Murukan worship in Fiji" by R. Ponnu S. Goundar
  34. "My experience with Vallimalai Saccindananda Swami" by P.S. Krishna Iyer
  35. "Karttikeya in the folk life of Orissa" by Kailash Pattaniak
  36. "Murukan Cult in Cilappatikaram" by S. Kanmani
  37. "Discovery of an early sculpture of Murukan" by C. Veeraraghavan
  38. "Significance of Kaumara Icons" by P. Suyambu
  39. "Murukan Worship through Musical Forms" by N. Jayavidhya
  40. "Viralimalai Murukan as described by Arunagirinathar" by D. Chandrasekaran, I.A.S.
  41. "Following Murukan: Tai Pucam in Singapore" by Gauri Parimoo Krishnan
  42. "Lord Murukan, the embodiment of beauty and love" by Padmaja Anantharaman
  43. "Skanda-Murukan: Time and Nature associations" by Alexander Dubianski
  44. "Pilgrimage and Mystical Practice" by T. Senthilwerl
  45. "Pāda Yātrā to Palani Murukan Temple: A folk tradition" by R. Kannan (13 kb)
  46. "The Worship of God Murukan in the Hill Country of Sri Lanka" by Amirthalingam Selliah
  47. "Tamil Language and Murukan Worship in South Africa" by Prof. S. Subramaniyan
  48. Papers presented at the Second International Conference in Mauritius

  49. "Murugan Devotion among Tamil Diaspora" by Patrick Harrigan
  50. "Legends of Karttikeya in Puruliya Chau" by Malati Agniswaran
  51. "Tirumurukarruppatai's place in the Saiva Canon" by Ponnaih Jeyālaki Arunagirinathan
  52. "Distinctive features of Tirumurukarruppatai" by Ponnaih Jeyālaki Arunagirinathan
  53. "Murukan Temples In Australia" by Dr. Arumugam Kandiah
  54. "Guha Jñāna Bodham" by Dr. P. Pandian, IAS (retd)
  55. "Kanta Shasti Vratam" by T. Senthilwerl
  56. "Murukan Worship in Melbourne" by Sivasupramaniam Sitsabesan
  57. "God Murukan as viewed by the ancient Tamils" by P. Thiagarajan
  58. "Facets of Murukan" by V. Balambal
  59. "Vallakkottai Murukan Temple" by Giridharilal Moorchand
  60. "The Hexagram and its Parallel in the Indus Valley Graffiti" by N.S. Valluvan
  61. Papers presented at the Third International Conference in Kuala Lumpur in 2003

  62. "Representations of Bala Murukan in Kunrutoradal Temples, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu" by Malati Agneswaran
  63. "The Worship of Murukan and the Zodiac" by K. V. Ramakrishna Rao
  64. "Murukap Perumanin Virathankalum Vizhakkalum" by Santhi Navukarasan
  65. "Murukan, The Protector and Healer" by Prof. Mrs. V. Balambal
  66. "Devaraya Swamigal's contribution to 'Murukanism'" by Sivagami Paramasivam
  67. Papers presented at the First International Muruga Bhakti Conference in Kuala Lumpur 9-12 August 2012

  68. "Murugan Bhakti: A User's Manual" by Patrick Harrigan
  69. "Viswarupa of Skanda" by P.N. Kannan
  70. Other research articles about Skanda-Murukan:

  71. "Skanda: The Alexander Romance in India" by N. Gopala Pillai
  72. Introduction to Tamil Traditions on Subrahmanya-Murugan by Kamil Zvelebil
  73. "Murugan and Valli" by Kamil Zvelebil
  74. "Skandakumara and Kataragama: An Aspect of the Relation of Hinduism and Buddhism in Sri Lanka" by Heinz Bechert
  75. "Murugan in Kurinci Poetry" by Alexander Dubiansky (15 kb)
  76. "Dionysus and Kataragama: Parallel Mystery Cults" by Patrick Harrigan
  77. "Kailasa to Kataragama: Sacred Geography in the cult of Skanda-Murukan" by Patrick Harrigan
  78. "Devotion to Murukan" by by J.I. McGrath
  79. "Iranian Sraosa and Indian Skanda" by Sukumar Sen
  80. "Note on Karttikeya in ancient Java" by Hayati Soebadio
  81. "Skanda-Karttikeya in ancient Cambodia" by Mahesh Kumar Sharan
  82. "Past and Future Trends in Contemporary Hinduism" by Swami Agehananda Bharati
  83. "Rare Images of Brahmasāsta and Varāhasamhāra" by R.K.K. Rajarajan
  84. "Iconographic Contact between Karttikeya and Manjuśrī in China" by B.N. Mukherjee
  85. Bodhisattva Skanda in China illustrated research note
  86. "Cosmography of Lanka Down the Ages" by Patrick Harrigan
  87. "Islamic Traditions of Kataragama" by Patrick Harrigan
  88. "Kinetic Iconography of Murukan" by Malati Agniswaran
  89. "Arunagirinathar: Was he a Shakta?" by Sadhu Ram
  90. "Lord Kataragama's Two Wives" by Paul Younger
  91. "Trimurti Orientation in Medieval South Indian Temples" by Raju Kalidos
  92. "Summa Iru in Tamil Scriptures" by S.R. Jayavelu
  93. "Skanda, the elegant war-god son of Shiva" by Rohit Pillai
  94. "The Iconography of Murugan" by Raju Kalidos
  95. "Murukan Worship in Sri Lanka: New Archaeological Evidence" by P. Pushparatnam
  96. "Skanda Cult in South India" by K.R. Venkataraman
  97. "Aspects of Karttikeya's Character" by Asim Kumar Chatterjee
  98. "Vaikasi Visakam and Lord Murukan" by Sivanandini Duraiswamy
  99. "Tiruppukazh: The Human Interface between Polytheism and Absolute Reality" by C.R. Krishnamurti and P. Rathanaswami
  100. "Indus Graffiti as Rock Art and their Astronomical Implications" by N.S. Valluvan
  101. "The Hexagram, Symbol of God Murukan, and its parallel in the Indus Sign denoting Space and Time" by N.S. Valluvan
  102. "Evolution of the Asian Deity Murukan from the Indus Valley Prototype Ahmuvan and his Role as a Mediator" by N.S. Valluvan
  103. A Note on the Muruku Sign of the Indus Script in light of the Mayiladuthurai Stone Axe Discovery by Iravatham Mahadevan
  104. "Sacred Trees in Murukan Temples" by V. Balambal
  105. "The Story of Skanda as told in the Northern and Southern Recensions" by P.R. Kannan
  106. "Skanda the Merciful and His Devotees " by P.R. Kannan
  107. "Murugan and the Vel: The Individual Implications" by Carl Vadivella Belle
  108. "Painting of Murugan, Subrahmanya or Karthikeyan" by Prof. P.C. Jain and Dr Daljeet
  109. Skanda Shashti message by Swami Sivananda (1946)
  110. "Malaysian Hindu Pilgrimage: Kavadi Worship at Batu Caves" by Carl Vadivella Belle
  111. "Somaskanda: Royal and Divine" by Lakshmi Viswanathan
  112. "The Skanda Concept: Rustic and Poetic" by Suganthy Krishnamachari
  113. "Murugan versus Skanda: The Aryan appropriation of a tribal Dravidian god" by Urmi Chanda-Vaz
  114. "Sangam period Murugan temple unearthed at Saluvankuppam"
  115. Reviews of the First Conference

    For accounts of the First International Conference on Skanda-Murukan, see these published reviews:

  116. "How the Murukan Conference Series began" by Patrick Harrigan, First Murukan Conference Secretary
  117. "Cult of the Child-God Crosses a Millennial Milestone"
  118. Hinduism Today May 1999 feature article
  119. Review published in the International Institute of Asian Studies Newsletter
  120. Review of the Third Murukan Conference in Kuala Lumpur Nov 2003

  121. "Third Murukan Conference: Whither the Murukan Conference Series?"
  Research articles in Tamil translation translated by Santhipriya
 "Murugan and Valli by Kamil V. Zvelebil
"Legends of Tirupparankunram" by R.K. Das
"The Iconography of Somāskanda Mūrti" by S. Suthanthiran
"Murukan worship in Fiji" by R. Ponnu S. Goundar
"Skanda-Kārttikeya in ancient Cambodia" by Mahesh Kumar Sharan
"Discovery of an early sculpture of Murukan" by C. Veeraraghavan
"Murukan Worship in Sri Lanka: New Archaeological Evidence" by P. Pushparatnam
"The Murukan Cult in Mauritius: Essence of Tamil Ethnic Identity" by Khesaven Sornum
"Kārttikeya in the folk life of Orissa" by Kailash Pattaniak
"Skanda Legends in the Puranas" by N. Gangadaran
"Kārttikeya worship in Bengal" by Seethalakshmi Viswanath
"Lord Kataragama's Two Wives" by Paul Younger
"Note on Kārttikeya in ancient Java" by Hayati Soebadio
"Vallakkottai Murukan Temple" by Giridharilal Moorchand
"An Illustration of Iconographic Contact between Kārttikeya and Manjusrī in China" by B. N. Mukerjee
"Bodhisattva Skanda in China" illustrated research note
"Palani Icon: A Scientific Analysis" by M.S. Saravanan
"Swarupa Vel - Skanda's Sister Jothi" by Dr. Alagappa Alagappan
"The Guardian Deities of Lanka" by S. Padmanathan
"Mailam: A Murukan temple at the crossroads of myth and local culture" by François L' Hernault
"Pāda Yātrā to Palani Murukan Temple: A Folk Tradition" by K. Kannan
"Pazham Nee -- The story of how Murugan became Palani Āndavar"
"Pazham Nee The illustrated story of Lord Murugan"
"The Murukan Cult in Mauritius: Essence of Tamil Ethnic Identity" by Khesaven Sornum
"God Murukan as viewed by the ancient Tamils" by P. Thiagarajan
"Murugan Devotion among Tamil Diaspora" by Patrick Harrigan
"Murukan Temples In Australia" by Dr. Arumugam Kandiah
"Sacred Trees in Murukan Temples" by V. Balambal
"Skanda Cult in South India" by K.R. Venkataraman
"Vaikasi Visakam and Lord Murukan" by Sivanandini Duraiswamy
"Significance of Kaumara Icons" by P. Suyambu
"The Iconography of Murugan" by Raju Kalidos
"Islamic Traditions of Kataragama" by Patrick Harrigan
"Tai Pucam in Malaysia" by Carl Vadivella Belle
"My experience with Vallimalai Saccindananda Swami" by P.S. Krishna Iyer
"Publication of Tiruppukal a Century Ago by V.T. Subramania Pillai: The Man and His Mission" by Gnanapurani Madhvanath
"Tamil Language and Murukan Worship in South Africa" by Prof. S. Subramaniyan
"Murukan Worship in Melbourne" by Sivasupramaniam Sitsabesan
"Facets of Murukan" by V. Balambal
"Skanda in ancient North India" by R.K. Seth
"The Worship of God Murukan in the Hill Country of Sri Lanka" by Amirthalingam Selliah
"In the Footsteps of Saint Arunagirinathar: Pilgrimage to the sacred places in the Tiruppukal" by Valayapettai Ra. Krishnan
 

  Related Murugan Bhakti resources:
  Skanda-Murukan Conference home page
Murukan Conferences: Master Index of Topics
1998 Conference participants and topics
Synopses of First Murukan Conference papers
Murugan.org home page
Palani.org
Tiruchendur.org
Kataragama.org
Padayatra.org
Ratnagiri.org
Annadanam.org
Kaumara.org
Jnanamalai.org
Pongi.org
 

Other articles about Kaumara Iconography and Art History:

  • Iconography of Skanda-Murukan
  • 'Iconography of Murugan' by Raju Kalidos
  • "Trimurti in Medieval South India"
  • "Iconography of Somaskanda"
  • "Palani Andavar Idol: A Scientific Study"
  • "Rare Image of Brahmasasta"
  • "Kinetic Iconography of Murukan"
  • The Iconography of Goddess Kaumārī
  • "Painting of Murugan, Subrahmanya or Karthikeyan"
  • "Significance of Kaumara Icons"
  • "Mailam Murukan temple"
  • "7th cent. Murukan image discovered"
  • "Vallakkottai Murukan Temple"
  • "Karttikeya Images of Ancient Java"
  • "Skanda Images in Ancient Cambodia"
  • "17 Iconographical Aspects of Subrahmanya"
  • 19th Century Bengali Watercolor of Karttikeya
  • Skanda upon Peacock, 11th-12th Cent Chola Granite
  • Galleries of Kaumara Iconography

  • Gallery One: Tiruvavaduthurai Adheenam
  • Gallery Two: 1920's - 40's collection
  • Gallery Three: early to late 20th century
  • Gallery Four: 1930-50 lithographs
  • Aru Padai Veedu paintings
  • Paintings of famous temple moolavars
  • Murugan Bhakti on Pinterest